INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS
1. Types of Articles
Research Articles should report the results of original research which should not have been previously published in any other journal. Articles are expected to contribute new information, not just to confirm previously published work.
Review Articles can cover either narrow disciplinary subjects or broad issues requiring interdisciplinary discussion. They should provide objective critical evaluation of a defined subject. Reviews should not consist solely of a summary of published data. Evaluation of the quality of existing data, the status of knowledge, and the research required to advance knowledge of the subject are essential.
Short Communications are used to communicate results which represent a major breakthrough or startling new discovery and which should therefore be published quickly. They should not be used for preliminary results. Articles must contain sufficient data to establish that the research has achieved reliable and significant results.
Technical Articles should present new methods and procedures for either research methodology or culture-related techniques.
The manuscripts must be written in good English. It can be American or British style, but not a mixture of these.
The submission site: http://sj.ctu.edu.vn/.
In order to upload your edited manuscript after reviewers have commented, you have to log in using user ID and password. If you are a staff of Can Tho University, User ID is your code and a corresponding password. Otherwise, you have to log in using user ID/password that sent to your email through firstname.lastname@example.org.
3. Article structure
Manuscripts should be prepared according to the following order: Article title, Author(s), Affiliation(s), Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Theory/calculation (if any), Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements (if any), References.
All manuscripts must be clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1, then 1.1, 1.1.1, a, b; then 1.2; etc. The abstract is not included in section numbering.
Article title: Concise and informative, avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Author(s) and affiliation(s) should indicate name clearly; present the authors' affiliation addresses below the names; indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. The corresponding author should be provided his/her postal address, e-mail, phone numbers (with country and area code).
A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. References, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided. The abstract should not be longer than 250 words.
Keywords: Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 4-6 keywords, avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts ( "and", "of").
Introduction: State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Materials and Methods: Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference. Any relevant modifications should be described.
Theory/calculation (if needed): A Theory section should extend (not repeat) the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.
Results: Results should be clear and concise.
Discussion: This section should explore the significance of the results of the work, avoid repeating, avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature them. A combined Results and Discussion section is also accepted.
Conclusions: The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section.
Acknowledgements: Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise.
Reference lists: See Reference lists.
4. Citation in text
Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed chronologically.
Examples: as demonstrated (Dave, 2000a, 2000b, 1999; Dave and Smith, 1999; Edward et al. 2010); or Edward et al. (2010) ....
For Vietnamese publication, please cited as (Luan et al., 2013; Tri and Nhan, 2014; Tri, 2015); or Luan et al. (2013) reported that….Tri (2014) reported that…….Tri and Nhan (2014) stated that…
5. Reference lists
References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.
- Reference to a journal publication: Authors’ Name(s), Year. Article Title. Journal Name. Volume: Page-to-Page. Example:
Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J.A.J., Lupton, R.A., 2010. The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications. 163: 51-59.
- Reference to a book: Authors’ Name(s), Year. Book Title, edition (from 2nd edition). Name of Publisher. Place of Publication, Number of Pages. Example:
Strunk, W., White, E.B., 2000. The Elements of Style, Fourth Edition. New York, 105 pages.
- Reference to a chapter in an edited book: Authors’ Name(s), Year. Chapter Title. In: editor(s) name (Eds.). Book Title. Name of Publisher. Place of Publication, Page-to-Page. Example:
Mettam, G.R., Adams, L.B., 2009. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In: Jones, B.S., Smith, R.Z. (Eds.). Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc. New York, pp. 281-304.
- Reference to Vietnamese journal publication: the same as journal publication but a phrase (in Vietnamese) added in the end of the reference. Examples:
Dung, T.T., Crumlish, M., Ngoc, N.T.N., Thinh, N.Q., 2004. Investigate the disease caused by the genus Edwardsiella from Tra catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus). Can Tho University Journal of Science. 51: 120-125 (in Vietnamese).
- Reference to conferences: Authors’ Name(s), Year. Article Title. In: editor(s) name . Book Title. Conference’s name, time, address. Name of Publisher. Place of Publication, Page-to-Page. Examples:
Benzie, J.A.H., E. Ballment and S. Brusher, 1993. Genetic structure of Penaeus monodon in Australia: concordant results from mtDNA and allozymes. In: G.A.E. Gall and H. Chen (Editors). Genetics in Aquaculture IV. Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium, 29 April to 3 May 1991, Wuhan, China. Elsevier. New York, Aquaculture, 111: 89-93).
- Reference to legislation documents: Name of Organization, Year. Decision No., Issued Date, Name of Decision. If it is availabe from URL: Name of Organization, Year. Decision No., Issued Date, Name of Decision, accessed date. Available from URL. Example:
MARD, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam. 2010. Decision No. 3408/QĐ-BNN-QLCL, dated on December 20, 2010 on assignment of Department of Animal Health being responsible for approval of veterinary products use for aquaculture (in Vietnamese). Accessed on December 15, 2014. Available from http://law.omard.gov.vn/Trangchu/tabid/40/Type/4/LoaiVanBan/5/LinhVuc/19/Default.aspx
Reference to Thesis/dissertation: Authors’ Name(s), Year. Thesis Title. Master/PhD thesis. Name of the University. Place of University. Example:
Tain, F.H., 1999. Impacts of aquaculture extension on small-scale Oreochromis niloticus production in northeastern Thailand. Master thesis. The University of Michigan. Ann Arbor, Michigan.
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.
Authors’ Name(s), Year. Article Title, accessed date. Available from URL. Example:
Min, K., 1998. Wastewater pollution in China, accessed on 18 September 2014. Available from http://darwin.bio.uci.edu/sustain/suscoasts/krismin.html
6. Tables: contain editable text and not as images. Tables are placed next to the relevant text in the article.
Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules.
If your electronic artwork is not in Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel,…), you please save as or convert the images to one of the following formats:
- EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts.
- TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi.
- TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi.
- TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 500 dpi.
8. Nomenclature and units
You should follow internationally accepted rules and conventions using the international system of units (SI).
- Length, area, volume: mm, cm, m, km, mm2, cm2, m3, µL, mL, L,…
- Weight: g, kg, ng, µg, mg, kg, t, Da, kDa,…
- Concentration: nM, µM, mM, M, %, µg/L, mg/L, g/L,..
- Measurement: space bar is required after number e.g. 5 L, 5 kg, 5 ppm,… but for percentage (%) and temperature (°), no space is require e.g. 5%, 20°C, 100°F.
- For Celsius degree, please use degree sign from the Insert symbol, select °
- Number decimal rules: allow accuracy of 1%, for examples:
+ 100 g, 645 g, 467 g (greater than or equal to 100).
+ 99.1 mg, 10.1 mL, 25.5 L (greater than or equal to 10).
+ 9.96 mL, 1.12 m3, 1.01 m2 (greater than or equal to 1).
+ 0.99; 0.67, 0.013, 0.0052,... (less than 1)
For chemical nomenclature: authors are urged to consult IUPAC: Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry: http://www.iupac.org/ for further information.
Math formula: Please (i) submit math equations as editable text and not as images; (ii) present simple formula in line with normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. Authors are encourage to use Math formulae made by MS. Word function (Insert/Equation)
All biota (crops, plants, insects, birds, mammals, fish etc.) should be identified by their scientific names when the English term is first used, with the exception of common domestic animals e.g. Cyprinus carpio for the first mentioned, later it can be written as C. carpio from the second time.
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