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Kỷ yếu hội nghị quốc tế 2015
Số tạp chí 01(2015) Trang: số 39 (trang 1-14)
Tác giả: Phan Trung Hiền
Tạp chí: Land Grabbing: Perspectives from East and Southeast Asia, ngày 5-6 tháng 6 năm 2015, tại Đại học ChiangMai, Thái Lan

Recently, there have been a number of complaints from private individuals who have been affected by planned development in Vietnam. The main source of complaints is against compulsory acquisition decisions, in particular disagreement with the level of the compensation set by the acquiring authorities. Those complaints, which are on the increase and tend to be increasingly prolonged, have a bad effect to the security and the social order. “Until now, the most pressing story is about prevention of corruption in land management; manage and limit land speculation, people's complaints about the land”  

In these circumstances, the Vietnamese Government has been making many policies aimed at restoring the legal order and implementing land clearance and development demands more effectively. Since the state implemented this innovation, Vietnam National Assembly has four times approved Land Law with many amendments and supplements. The number of bylaws on land consisting of government decrees, circulars and regulations of the Ministry and Provincial People's Committee at this time was up to 500.  In practice, those policies and solutions have indeed been effective in pushing construction projects forward, lowering the barriers to meet the time schedule, saving costs without detracting from the quality of development. However, there is evidence of problems ahead in so far as the more large-scale construction projects Vietnam aims for, the higher rate of development Vietnam pursues, the more demand for land acquisition Vietnam has to handle. Against the background of these pressures, the policies and solutions and some legal regulations from the Government inspire little confidence that arrangements will work effectively in practice. On the contrary, negotiations between the land users and the acquiring authorities have become more and more difficult in a lot of cases, and there is a widespread perception that the system is not properly functioning. 

It is around this issue of conflict that the comparison revolves: How can the Vietnamese legal systems strike the balance between the public and private interest in land compulsory acquisition? The purpose of this paper is to answer this question.

The answer to this question will, hopefully, provide a certain contribution to improve our scholarly understanding of the law in the past, the present and to orient the future in state acquisition of property compulsorily for Vietnam which can be viewed in the light of experiences of other countries in East and Southeast Asia. By reviewing the current procedures, the study may have some recommendations for speeding up the process and reducing uncertainty. This makes practical sense while the “compulsory acquisition regulations” has been passed in Vietnam in term of Land Law 2013 and as the author has just finished the research "Proposed solutions to solve problems in site clearance in Cantho".

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