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Tạp chí quốc tế 2015
Số tạp chí 99(2015) Trang: 580-587
Tạp chí: Plant Disease

Black spot, also known as Ascochyta blight, is the most important disease on field pea (Pisum sativum). It is caused by a complex of pathogens, the most important of which in Australia include Didymella pinodes, Phoma pinodella, and P. koolunga. The relative proportions of these and other component pathogens of the complex fluctuate widely across time and geographic locations in Australia, limiting the ability of breeders to develop varieties with effective resistance to black spot. To address this, 40 field pea genotypes were tested under controlled environment conditions for their individual stem and leaf responses against these three pathogens. Disease severity was calculated as area under disease progress curve (AUDPC), and subsequently converted to mean rank (MR). The overall rank (OR) for each pathogen was used to compare response of genotypes under inoculation with each pathogen. The expressions of host resistance across the field pea genotypes were largely dependent upon the individual test pathogen and whether the test was on stem or leaf. Overall, P. koolunga caused most severe stem disease; significantly more severe than either D. pinodes or P. pinodella. This is the first report of the host resistance identified in field pea to P. koolunga; the five genotypes showing highest resistance on stem, viz. 05P778-BSR-701, ATC 5338, ATC 5345, Dundale, and ATC 866, had AUDPC MR values P. koolunga on both stem and leaf. Against D. pinodes, the four and 16 most resistant genotypes on stem and leaf had AUDPC MR valuesP. pinodella, four and eight genotypes showing the best resistance on stem and leaf had AUDPC MR valuesD. pinodes in breeding programs.

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